As new transporation modes come online, policymakers and authorities alike will be faced with the need to be able to effectively manage and monitor the different types of operators and growing transportation options.
There will be a need for payments to be more seamless between different transport operators, as the ability to inter-operate will enable disrupters to create new hybrid transportation options.
Public Transit Operators : With the advent of car-pooling and the significantly increased supply created through the maturity of the sharing economy, the traditional cost vs. flexibility trade-off for public transportation is being challenged.
As the availability of transportation options increases, consumers will not be bound to either private or public transportation, and the ability to seamlessly tap into the real-time travel supply availability will provide the biggest opportunity for sustainable transportation.
With the availability of lower-cost options, and the advent of self-driving cars becoming more of a probability than a possibility, the question of owning one's own transportation is being challenged, as the prevalence of the sharing economy blurs the lines between private and public transport.
With governments and environmental groups making known the benefits of public transportation, technology will play a role in making such transportation options seamlessly integrated with the greater transportation network.
Courier and logistics Services
The sharing economy will lead the way as a means to reducing costs of last-mile transportation as the volume of consumer spending continues to shift from offline to online. However, challenges remain regarding ensuring privacy and security in such models.
Vehicles (PEVs) :
As the legal status and safety of such vehicles come under scrutiny, the maturity of this industry (both in the way they are regulated and produced) is what would determine whether or not PEVs become a part of sustainable transportation.
Real-time forecasting and will enable an even more efficient and effective way of matching demands with supply, and an opportunity for trunk and first/last mile not limited to feeder services) to interoperate for streamlined transport will also increase as the range of last-mile options increase accordingly.
Mass Transit Services
Additional pressures will mount to also address end-to-end transportation, and offer what on-demand services can.